Iliac Crest Pain

The development of pain in the iliac crest is common in older people, athletes or those that suffer from lower back pain. Iliac crest pain may also be a symptom of inflammation in the iliolumbar ligament. This pain can be felt throughout the hip, lower back or core. Properly addressing this pain as soon as it develops will help to ensure an adequate recovery.

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Causes of Iliac Crest Pain

Most who experience iliac crest pain describe this sensation as an aching or bruising feeling that develops along the hips.

Weak Muscles

There are many muscles that attach above and below iliac crest that are essential to movement of the body. The hip flexor muscles as well as back and abdominal or core muscles are all active in this area. If these muscles are weak then running or other repetitive motions can irritate these attachment points and cause pain.

Iliotibial Band Syndrome

The iliotibial band is located along the outer thigh and moves to the outer side of the knee joint. Runners and other athletes will often experience hip pain that is centralized to this area. The iliotibial band is responsible for stabilizing the pelvis, so it can be irritated by an imbalance between legs. Putting too much strain on one side of the body can cause discomfort in this area.

Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis syndrome is typically caused by the luteal muscles becoming too tight and putting pressure on the sciatic nerve, which can radiate throughout the hip and buttocks as the pelvis is caused additional wear and tear. Working out in worn out shoes, inflexibility, length discrepancies of the legs and muscle imbalances can contribute to this condition.

Iliolumbar Syndrome

Iliac crest pain can often be caused by inflammation of the iliolumbar ligaments.This inflammation can put pressure on the muscles within the pelvis or the lower back.

Gluteus Medius Pain

Aggravation in the gluteus medius can cause pain below the iliac crest which can lead to reduced elasticity, reduced flexibility, reduced range of motion, an increase of pressure, reduce nerve or muscle function or reduced circulation to the area.

Home Remedies for Iliac Crest Pain

Rest

Rest completely for a few days to give your body time to address your symptoms. Gently work your way back into your training schedule to avoid putting too much pressure on the damaged muscles.

Apply Ice

Placing an ice pack on the sore or injured area of the iliac crest every night will help to reduce swelling and this discomfort. Do not apply ice directly to the skin as this can result in damage to these cells.

Gentle Stretch

Gently stretching the core and hip muscles will help you to build strength that will help to prevent injuries in the future. Stretch hamstrings, iliotibial band, hip flexors and quadriceps before each run to make sure the body is ready to take on this workout.

Medical Treatments for Iliac Crest Pain

Anti-inflammatory Medications

You can use anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling and limit your discomfort as you begin to treat your iliac crest pain.

Injections

Corticosteroids may be injected into the affected area to help take down inflammation of the iliac crest. This is often provided for those that have had limited success with other treatment methods such as ice, physical therapy and rest.

Physical Therapies

Those that are experiencing pain in the iliotibial band may see the most success with physical therapy. Your doctor may evaluate your running style to determine if you an underlying cause may be contributing to this inflammation. Gait analysis, muscle strength and muscle flexibility tests can be used in order to determine how best to avoid causing such damage in the future.

Preventions for Iliac Crest Pain

Replace Worn-out Shoes

Over time your shoes will wear out and will fail to provide adequate support for the feet. Take the time to replace them with something sturdier that will help to provide the necessary shock absorption and stability for your legs.

Avoid Uneven Road

Avoid constantly running on surfaces that are uneven or in areas that are uphill or downhill as these put excessive pressures on the legs.

Strengthen Muscles

Pain that develops on the side of the iliac crest may be caused by irritation to your core muscles or the tensor fascia. While stretching and applying ice you will need to improve hip and core strength as strength deficits can cause you to develop an abnormal gait. This will cause the hip to drop on your non-weight bearing leg that can stress the muscles on the affected side of the pelvis.

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