A sneeze, the powerful expulsion of air through your nose, is not always bad; in fact, your body uses this to eliminate irritants from your throat or nose. It is an involuntary reaction and you cannot stop it. The things become quite annoying though when you have to deal with constant sneezing. Even though it's not the result of a serious health issue, excessive sneezingcan still be quite irritating. You usually have to deal with constant sneezing when you are exposed to an allergen – these allergens could be dust mites, pollen, mold spores, or anything else. You have to identify the source of problem to control excessive sneezing.
What Are the Causes of Constant Sneezing?
Most of the time, the reason behind your constant sneezing is some type of allergy. This usually happens when you're suffering from allergic rhinitis, which may affect you in specific seasons or hurt you all year round. Sometimes, you may also be allergic to specific foods, such as dairy.
Sneezing fitsare the most common symptom that you have allergic rhinitis. You may experience bouts of sneezing after you wake up in the morning. Other common symptoms include runny nose, nasal congestion, itchy or watery eyes. This could also be due to seasonal rhinitis, which is characterized by frequent attacks of sneezing. If you're a victim of perennial rhinitis, you're more likely to experience symptoms when you inhale specific antigens, such as house dust mite, pet hair, and fungal spores.
Sneezing may well be a symptom of an upper respiratory tract infection. It usually affects people with weakened immune system. You may also be a victim of viral infections, which cause infectious rhinitis – this usually happens due to rhinoviruses and adenoviruses. Your rhinitis may also be due to bacterial infections, but sneezing in this case is usually associated with sinusitis. Fungal infections are rare but possible, and lead to rhinitis and constant sneezing – these infections are more common in people with impaired immune system.
Systemic, airborne, or ingested irritants can lead to constant sneezingif you don't do anything to limit your exposure to those irritants. Some of the most common triggers are organic and inorganic dusts, environmental pollution, spicy foods, perfumes, cigarette smoke, dry weather, stress, and hormonal changes.
Using certain medications may also lead to drug-induced rhinitis and cause constant sneezing. Some of the culprits are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, nasal decongestants, beta-blockers, antidepressants, sedatives, drugs for erectile dysfunction, and oral contraceptives.
5. Other Causes
You may also experience sneezing and other allergy related symptoms due to several other causes not mentioned above. This may include the following:
- Nasal polyps
- Neurological conditions
- Exposure to chlorinated pool water
- Tobacco sniffing
- Cocaine sniffing
How to Stop Constant Sneezing
The problem with sneezing is that it usually doesn't come alone – you will also experience issues such as fatigue, lack of concentration, nasal irritation, runny nose, and red eyes. It is therefore important to do something to stop sneezing.
Medical Treatment for Constant Sneezing
You can find several medications to deal with allergies and infections. You can always start with OTC medications called antihistamines to suppress your symptoms. Zyrtec and Claritin are two common options here. Using allergy shots may be a suitable choice that involves exposing your body to specific allergens in small, manageable doses to ensure your immune system doesn't react to it.
Home Remedies for Constant Sneezing
You can try a number of things at home to stop sneezing and control other symptoms. For instance:
- Fennel tea: Due to its natural anti-viral and antibiotic properties, fennel can help clear upper respiratory infection and stop sneezing. Simply add a couple of teaspoons of crushed fennel seeds to a boiled cup of water and let them stay there for 15 minutes. Strain it and drink a couple of cups daily to stop sneezing. Be sure to boil the water before adding the seeds.
- Chamomile tea: Chamomile has antihistamine properties, so drinking a cup of chamomile tea will help stop sneezing caused by allergies. Simply add a teaspoon of dried chamomile flowers to a cup of boiling water. Add some honey to it and let it boil for a few minutes. Drink it twice a day to stop constant sneezing.
- Garlic: It is a suitable choice to clear your upper respiratory infection, all thanks to its natural antiviral and antibiotic properties. Simply crush four garlic cloves to make paste and then take deep breaths to inhale its fragrance.
- Vitamin C: You can add fruits rich in vitamin C to stop sneezing. It works because Vitamin C helps lower the production of histamine. A glass of orange juice will do the trick.
- Oil of oregano: It has antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-parasitic properties, so it proves beneficial in fighting sinusitis. The ingredients such as thymol and carvacrol make oil of oregano a suitable choice to strengthen your immune system. Simply add a couple of drops of oil of oregano in a glass of juice and drink it once a day.
How to Prevent Sneezing
You need to understand that it is going to take a few days to clear your symptoms if they are caused by the flu or another infection. To avoid dealing with the hassle caused by constant sneezing, you can take certain steps.
When you're inside, do the following:
- Be sure to keep your home dry using a dehumidifier
- Use an anti-dander shampoo to keep your pets clean
- Take steps to reduce mold and dust in your home
When you're outside, do the following:
- Don't go out when pollen count is high
- Avoid raking leaves or cutting the grass in allergy season
- Plan your outdoor activities for late afternoons or early mornings if possible
- Be sure to buy yourself an allergy mask and wear it when going outside
- Take a shower every time you return home after spending time outdoors